Lighting Glossary

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Accent Lamp: Portable lamp that usually has a shade from 9" to 14" wide and height no taller than 24".

Adjustable Lamp: Portable lamp that has an adjustable height or width or shade position.

Bankers Lamp: Portable desk lamp with an oblong shade that is usually adjustable.

Base: Stabilizing body of a lamp constructed from various materials such as metal, brass, porcelain, resin or wood.

Beveled Glass: Clear glass, with edges that have been ground and polished to an angle other than 90 degrees.

Billiard or Oblong Pendant: Rectangular or oval shaped shade that is typically suited for suspension over a billiard table, kitchen island or counter.

Bridge Arm Lamp: Table or floor lamp with an arm supporting a single shade.

Buffet Lamp: Portable lamp, usually tall and slender and suitable for use on a buffet, with height generally no taller that 36".

Canopy: The part of a fixture that mounts to the ceiling or wall and covers the junction box to which the fixture attaches.

Cathedral Glass: Transparent single color sheet glass, with smooth or textured surfaces.

Chandelier: Surface mounted ceiling fixture with lighted arms.

Copperfoil: Narrow strips of copper tape used to wrap the edges of glass pieces that have been cut to fit a pattern. When wrapped, solder is applied, bonding the glass pieces together.

Desk Lamp: Portable lamp, usually with a downward task light.

Etched Glass: The use of hydrofluoric acid or sand blasting to create a matte finish or a specific design on glass.

Fan Light: A glass shade that can be used on a ceiling fan.

Finial: Decorative detail on the top of a lamp or the very bottom of a chandelier.

Finish: The decorative color of hardware achieved by painting or plating base or fixture materials.

Fireplace Screen: Decorative screen that covers the opening of a fireplace while not in use.

Firescreen: Functional fireproof screen that covers the opening of a fireplace while in use.

Fixture: Complete lighting unit usually consisting of socket, housing, shade, and connection to electrical power.

Floor Lamp: Portable lamp with a shade that directs light downward and a height usually taller than 48".

Flushmount: Surface mounted ceiling fixture with three inches or less between the shade and the ceiling.

Glass Jewel: Piece of hot glass that is press-molded into a jewel like shape.

Glue Chip Glass: Texture created on the surface of glass by applying hot glue, which after drying contracts and chips the glass surface resulting in a natural pattern, like frost on a window pane.

Granite Glass: A texture with the appearance of granite that is applied to hot glass sheets with an embossed roller.

Hand Rubbed: Process of hand rubbing to achieve a desired finish.

Hardware: Any component that supports the shade and/or socket.

Inverted Pendant: Chain hung ceiling fixture with open end of shade facing toward the ceiling.

Iridescent Glass: Glass with a colorful shimmering effect created when a layer of metallic oxide is bonded to hot glass.

Island Pendant: Ceiling fixture, usually multishaded, horizontally hung and generally best suited for a kitchen island or billiard table.

Jadestone: Durable, compact thinly cut stone with luminous color that can be shaped and constructed with the copperfoil technique.

Mica: A natural mineral bonded with shellac to create a light diffuser, usually available in Silver or Amber colors.

Micro Mini Lamp: Portable table lamp that usually has a shade 4" or smaller and height no taller than 6".

Mini Lamp: Portable table lamp that generally has a shade of 4" to 8" wide and height usually no taller than 15".

Mini Pendant: Surface mounted one light fixture consisting of a single pole or chain, extending from the ceiling canopy with shade no larger than 10" in diameter.

Mini Window: Lighted miniature tabletop glass window suspended from a frame.

Night Light: Small portable light that plugs directly into an electrical outlet.

Opalescent Glass: Glass that incorporates white, or opal glass, into the color mix.

Patina: Coloration of metal finish due to aging or from a solution applied to metal to change its color.

Pendalog: Element that hangs from a shade, base or hardware, usually crystal but can be made of various materials.

Pendant: Ceiling fixture that usually features a shade larger than 10" in diameter, suspended by a single pole or chain extending from the ceiling canopy.

Reverse Painted Glass: Paints are applied to the underside of glass, starting with the foreground and ending with the background.

Ripple Glass: Texture that has the appearance of ripples that is applied to hot glass sheets with an embossed roller.

Sconce: Typically, a one or two light fixture surface mounted to a wall.

Sculpture: A lighted or unlighted decorative tabletop accessory.

Seedy Glass: Glass which contains trapped air bubbles, created with air or gas injected into the molten glass, prior to forming the sheet.

Semi Flush: Surface mounted ceiling fixture with three inches or more between the shade and the ceiling.

Shower: Fixture with a ceiling pan that usually suspends 3 or more pendants.

Stained or Art Glass: Colored glass.

Swag: Pendant or chandelier with chain and wire that can drape across a ceiling to reach a hard mounted electrical box or plug into an electrical outlet.

Table Lamp: Portable lamp usually with a shade having a 14” width or larger.

A) Style referring to Art Nouveau, Art Deco, Victorian or scenes of nature.
B) The copperfoil technique of stained glass assembly.
C) Opalescent glass invented by Louis Comfort Tiffany 1848-1933, son of Charles Lewis Tiffany, an American jeweler.

Torchiere: Portable floor lamp with a shade that directs light upward.

Translucent Glass: Glass that allows light transmission while diffusing. Objects cannot be seen clearly through this glass.

Turtleback: Molded glass tiles that are usually irregular in shape and thickness.

Vanity: Surface mounted wall fixture with three or more lights, usually used in the bathroom.

Washed: Process of lightly applying an accent finish by hand.

Wispy Glass: Mixed opalescent glass with thin wisps of white or clear glass.

Light Bulb Styles and Sizes

Glossary of Common Hinkley Lighting Terms

ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act): ADA-compliant fixtures cannot extend more than 4 inches from the wall.

ARM: A decorative-shaped tube or casting that is used to support a socket. An arm usually has socket wires running through it.

BACK PLATE: The part of a fixture that mounts to a wall or vertical surface.

BOBECHE: A disc, decorative plate or piece of glass that sits under the candle sleeve on a fixture.

CANDLE CHASER: A short cap that sets on top of a candle sleeve on a fixture.

CANDLE SLEEVE: Tubing that covers a candelabra base socket on a fixture.

CANOPY: The decorative plate that attaches to the ceiling to cover the junction box.

COMBINATION MOUNT: Refers to the ability for a fixture to either be hung by a chain or mounted to the ceiling.

EXTENSION (EXT.): The depth of a sconce. The measurement from the wall to the farthest point away from the wall.

FINIAL: A small finishing ornament at the crown or bottom of a fixture.

FLUSH: Directly mounts to the ceiling using a pan the same diameter as the fixture.

INVISI-MOUNT: A fixture mounting system where the mounting hardware is hidden on the back plate.

MOUNTING STRAP: A metal strap of galvanized steel used when securing fixtures to a junction box.

PENDANT: Any chain-hung fixture that does not have arms.

SCONCE: Any wall-mounted fixture.

SCREW COLLAR LOOP: A circular ring with a threaded portion used as an attachment point to the canopy on hanging fixtures.

SELECT-A-LIGHT: A lighting system where you may use a single, medium-based lamp or a three-light candelabra base cluster.

SEMI-FLUSH: Sometimes known as ‘close-to-ceiling’ fixtures. Mounts directly to the ceiling using a canopy.

TOP TO OUTLET: The measurement from the top of the fixture to the center of the outlet box when installed.

WIREWAY: Any hollow tubing where wire runs through to either the sockets or the mounting point.

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